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Creating a High Powered Promotional Campaign With Customized Home and Housewares

Every household longs to have the perfect tools for their regular necessities. Some of these are kitchen tools, bathroom supplies, and even hardware stuff. They are essential for making sure that the members of the family are well cared for. Aside from their main purposes, home supplies can also be used as advertising instruments. They just have to be imprinted with the right information that can help lure potential customers that will later be converted into actual buyers.

Corporate logoed home and housewares are easy to customize. They have ample space for advertising purposes. Some of the common details that businesses opt to have imprinted are their business name and logo, website, and contact numbers. There are those who even select to place slogans that depict their group’s duties and visions. You can use these products as trade show handouts or employee rewards.

Using custom printed home and housewares is a major way to market your business to a new group of audience. If you need more proof of their marketing power, here are more examples of their benefits:

Large Merchandise Selection – You’ll discover that there are hundreds, or even thousands of these corporate logoed items. There’s certain to be one or two that will match your advertising theme.

Designed to Last – These products are designed to withstand the tough times. You can rely on them to give 100% satisfaction to all your prospective customers and clients.

If you’re now convinced that using logo personalized home and housewares is the best technique to use for your marketing strategy, then here are some valuable tips so you can begin on your shopping adhesive hooks:

Pick Easy to Use Items – When looking for excellent promotional tools, always go for the simple ones so your customers can easily operate them. Sometimes the most basic tools are the most efficient ones. You don’t need some overly technical merchandise.

Pursue A Theme – Because of the large number of choices, you can be a bit confused as to which item you should utilize. Try to come up with a theme that will unify the look you like to achieve and buy the items that go by that theme.

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Is Acupuncture Just Placebo?

When people discover that I’m studying acupuncture a common question I get asked is “isn’t acupuncture just placebo?” The short answer is yes and no. I have written this article in response to this question and to examine the placebo effect. I have tried to be as objective as possible but obviously my view is going to be biased as I am studying to become an acupuncturist so I obviously think it is more than placebo.

To start with the definition of the placebo effect is “A substance containing no medication and prescribed or given to reinforce a patient’s expectation to get well.” Broadly speaking placebo is an effective treatment that is present in all therapies. The similarities in all therapeutic relationships are that a person goes to a medical authority, they air they complaint, receive reassurance in most circumstances and receive treatment of some description. This process alone is a placebo effect. Trust and the relationship between practitioner and the patient is a huge element. The bedside manner is hugely important as rapport in itself will have a positive impact on the patient. Then there is the expectation of the treatment, the higher the expectation the greater effect.

One other important factor in increasing the placebo effect is ritual. The greater the ritual the greater the placebo effect is. Acupuncture does have a large ritual in terms of the initial consultation, examination and treatment so therefore is considered to have a large placebo effect.

Many people do not realize that placebo effect is present in all medicine.

One such story below gives a fascinating account of how placebo can be performed in surgery.

“Forty years ago, a young Seattle cardiologist named Leonard Cobb conducted a unique trial of a procedure then commonly used for angina, in which doctors made small incisions in the chest and tied knots in two arteries to try to increase blood flow to the heart. It was a popular technique-90 percent of patients reported that it helped-but when Cobb compared it with placebo surgery in which he made incisions but did not tie off the arteries, the sham operations proved just as successful. The procedure, known as internal mammary ligation, was soon abandoned (“The Placebo Prescription” by Margaret Talbot, New York Times Magazine, January 9, 2000) Acupuncture Houston.*”

You can’t obviously prescribe placebo surgery for obvious ethical reasons but this demonstrates both placebo and the power of ritual quite nicely.

There are other factors involved in placebo effect that are not directly concerned with acupuncture but interesting none the less. For example red pills are more effective than blue ones. Four pills are more effective then two. There is great deal more to the placebo effect and I suggest you read Ben Goldacres book “Bad Science” if this interests you.

Acupuncture is also used on animals for muscular skeletal problems and arthritis mainly. Again the positive results seen in animals have been contributed to the placebo effect. The theory goes that even animals benefit from acupuncture because their guardians or owners have been influenced by the placebo effect.

Current understanding of Acupuncture

To start with a definition of acupuncture is needed.

“According to traditional Chinese philosophy, our health is dependent on the body’s motivating energy – known as qi – moving in a smooth and balanced way through a series of meridians (channels) beneath the skin. The flow of qi can be disturbed by many factors, physical, mental and emotional: anxiety, stress, anger, fear or grief, poor nutrition, weather conditions, hereditary factors, infections, poisons and trauma. By inserting fine needles into the channels of energy, an acupuncturist can stimulate the body’s own healing response and help to restore its natural balance.”

British Acupuncture Council

Acupuncture is often accredited with purely just being placebo effect because modern science as yet doesn’t understand the process involved upon which the theory is based. In acupuncture’s case this is the understanding of energy which flows through meridians/channels throughout the body. This is where the two worlds collide as Bausell states (page275). “No CAM therapy has a scientifically plausible biochemical mechanism of action over and above those proposed for the placebo effect.”

Modern science has further problems with acupuncture as Bausell (page106) goes onto state “But if the primary biochemical explanation for how these little needles reduce pain involves an unmeasurable energy force surging through some unobservable meridians with no documented connection to pain or anything else, then most members of the scientific community will have a difficult time believing these positive results.”

Presently there are two forms of acupuncture in use in the uk, traditional acupuncture based on the theory of qi or energy as used in China, Japan and Korea and medical acupuncture often referred to as dry needling as practised by doctors, physiotherapists and other primary care physical therapists. Acupuncture has been reinterpreted by the west as Campbell clarifies

“In practice, sticking needles into people often does relieve symptoms, especially (but not exclusively) pain. Largely for this reason, acupuncture has been taken up by a number of health professionals in the West, many of whom have reinterpreted it in terms of modern anatomy, physiology, and pathology. This form of acupuncture has been called Western medical acupuncture or dry needling. People who practise in this way accept that the ancient Chinese made many correct observations but do not see the need to follow them in the theory that they erected on these observations. Modernists therefore ignore, partially or completely, the traditional apparatus of “meridians”, “acupuncture points”, yin and yang and so forth and use different criteria in deciding where and how to insert the needles. ”

Problems with clinical trials

Currently there is a great deal of interest into acupuncture which has resulted in numerous clinical trials researching the effects acupuncture. Doctors and other medical professionals will base their opinion on acupunctures effectiveness based on these results. These results will also be used by newspapers so they have a huge impact on public opinion.

Acupuncture is considered to be a holistic medicine which treats the whole person. As a result it takes into account many signs, factors and observations that are considered irrelevant in western medicine. Any treatment with acupuncture is therefore based on individual symptoms so there is no treatment protocol for one particular disease. For example when performing a trial on the effectiveness of acupuncture for back pain the trial is riddled with problems from the start whether it is investigating the effectiveness of acupuncture, osteopathy or any other intervention. Chaitow a prominent osteopath comments on the problems encountered when performing clinical trials on back pain.

“Acute back pain’ may have a wide variety of causes, ranging from biomechanical to pathological, psychological and functional, possibly involving intervertebral disc problems, facet joint dysfunction, hypermobility, muscular and/or ligamentous imbalances, sacro-iliac restrictions, trigger points and disturbed emotion/ somatisation (among others), making it a virtual certainty that ‘acute back pain’ will not respond to a single intervention, whether HVLA manipulation or anything else.”

This is a huge obstacle in the promotion of acupuncture as clinical trials are used to determine effectiveness of such treatments. There are many more trials being conducted on the use of acupuncture all of which have had various outcomes some positive and some negative. There are many more problems with conducting clinical trials for acupuncture and is a huge topic. The Holy Grail for acupuncturists at the moment is finding a way of putting acupuncture through clinical trials that satisfy both acupuncturists and the medical community.

East meets West a clash of cultures

One must understand how acupuncture was born in order to understand. Acupuncture is a system that was created before the advent of clinical trials and imaging techniques. The concept of an energy system is not unique to acupuncture or to china and can be found where intuition and observation were the only tools available. In India for example qi is called prana and they have a very similar healing system.

The origins of acupuncture are somewhat unclear but I will offer some views that may enlighten the reader. Chinese culture has a long tradition of martial arts and mediation practice stemming from religious traditions such as Buddhism and Daoism. Through these techniques a quietening of the mind occurs and practitioners become aware of subtle feelings in the body. Through these observations the energy system of the body were mapped.

In fact it’s not particularly difficult to feel this energy just sign up to your local tai chi class for 6 months. This is further illustrated in China’s early history. China for a long time did not perform autopsies because they saw no point in studying something that had no life in it. How the use of fine needles originated is still somewhat unclear but pressing and rubbing on various points to relieve symptom was in use for some time and acupuncture is an extension of this practice.

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Sports Betting Picks: Winning Strategies You Can Take to the Bank

In the world sports betting picks, there are obviously no guarantees. However, there are certainly strategies that can help you move the odds in your favor. In addition to subscribing to sports betting picks from winning professionals, these are a few of the strategies that pros use to guarantee they always come out ahead. Look into the possibilities and see if you can apply at least one to your betting strategies for the 2013-2014 NFL season or your NCAA picks for the current season.

Arbitrage Betting

Arbitrage betting is seen by some gamblers as a no-lose strategy for sports betting picks. Professional betters – including those who make their living betting on the rise and fall of stocks on the New York Stock Exchange – use arbitrage extensively. They call it “offsetting risk.” You probably know it as “hedging your bets.” Essentially, arbitrage betting means placing opposing bets so that no matter which way a game goes, you’ll win one of your bets.

There’s one caveat, though. The trick in arbitrage betting is to make sure that your winnings on either bet will be greater than your loss on the other. In order to do that, research the best odds at the various sportsbooks. The truth is, bookmakers are constantly adjusting their betting lines as new information comes in. Part of the information used by each bookmaker is how many bets are being placed for or against a particular position, and that information can be substantially different from one bookmaker to the next. Shop around to find exploitable arbitrage positions for every game in the 2013-2014 NFL season. And of course, you can save yourself a lot of time and research energy by subscribing to a service that shares pro football picks for each game – including which books are offering the best odds on each position.

Value Betting

If you pay attention to the game and the odds, value betting can bring you a consistent return on your money for sports betting picks. This strategy only works if you know enough to spot when a sportsbook has set the odds too high for a particular game or outcome. For example, the books may have an NCAA game at 5 to 1 odds for the favorite, but you believe that the underdogs actually have a one in three chance of winning the game, or at the very least, of beating the spread. A bet on the underdog in that situation will offer a substantially better return and is worth the chance. Of course, the opposite also holds true: you should also recognize poor value bets and avoid them like poison.

Flat Betting System

Flat betting is simple. It’s exactly what it sounds like. You figure out how much your bank is for the 2013-2014 NFL season or the NCAA college football season and divide it by the number of games on which you plan to bet to get the amount you’ll wager on each game. You’ll wager the same set amount for each game whether you win or lose. If you win more than you lose, you’ll come out ahead Totobet HK.

There’s no real secret to winning with a flat betting system, but it’s easier said than done. You need to make great choices on your sports betting picks. There are a couple of different ways to do that, either on their own or in combination. You can either choose the bets that will pay off with the highest profits, in which case, you could conceivably come out ahead even if you lose more bets than you win. The other is to choose more winners than losers. In fact, according to most betting experts, you only have to bet right 52.3 percent of the time to come out ahead with a flat betting system.

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Overview of Online Poker Games

Online poker games have been increasing in popularity in the recent past, to an extent that there are probably more people playing online poker today than there are playing traditional poker.

The workings of online poker, for anyone who takes the time to think about it deeply, are a marvel in the real sense of the word. Who would have known, before the possibility to play poker online came, that it would be possible for a person in the United States to play against a person in China – and in real time? And who would have known that it would be possible, in the fullness of time, to design a program that would simulate the human mind at playing poker so that in the absence of a partner to play with, one can still play against the machine?

About a decade since the opportunity to play poker online became available to the masses (after a considerable trial period in the hands of the geeks who made it all possible), and we find virtually all types of poker available online: from Texas Hold’em poker, to Titan poker, CD poker and pretty much any other type of poker one can think of. Indeed, it is only through after the opportunity to play poker online became widely available to everyone that previously little known (in some places), but highly exciting forms of poker, like sportsbook poker and carbon poker came to be widely known, turning into many peoples’ favorites in a short period of time thereafter.

Now wherever poker is played, money tends to change hands – and it is perhaps for this reason that online poker games have come to be among the most popular games in the various online casinos. The beauty of online poker games for casino application, and unlike other types of games previously played in online casinos like roulette or slots, is the fact that poker is a widely played game, a game whose workings almost everyone with an interest in these things knows; and therefore a game in which one is not likely to be wary of putting their money into.

According to website that collects statistics on various online games, online poker games are among the most highly rated (scoring, on average, more than 8.0 on a scale of 0 to 10), and also among the most widely played, as judged through the amounts of money put into them Dewa Poker.

Besides the fact that poker is a games whose workings are well known by almost everyone with an interest in gaming, another factor that could possibly explain the popularity of online poker games in the online casinos is the fact that besides luck, winning in online poker games (as indeed all types of poker) also depends on a players skill, so that a person who invests the time and effort required to improve their poker could end up making a real fortune from their poker hobby, and maybe even turn it into a job. Of course, this is a great difference from other types of games played in the online casinos (like say roulette or slots), in which success tends to be purely speculative, and where the player’s skills does not count a great deal in determining their winning or losing chances on any particular day.

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Merchant Account Providers Can Handle High Risk and Credit Card Payment Processing

High-risk merchant account providers and credit card payment processing services have been specifically designed to provide merchants a one-stop platform for e-commerce needs. Whether your company issues licensed eWallets or pre-branded credit cards, such as Visa and MasterCard, a credit card payment processing service handles the day-to-day online payment transactions.

Online Payment Processing

Many payment-processing services are individually owned and operated companies that have been doing business for years. They are connected to any number of banks throughout the world and they provide debit card, credit card, and other payment processing to Internet enterprises around the world. Many of the services are licensed and accredited online gaming merchant account setup.

The services have management personnel who can claim decades of banking and e-commerce industry experience.

It is their mission to provide an efficient center for high-risk merchants to conduct their online business. They do this by providing non-card payment and credit card processing services. Other services can also be provided, as required by online, or virtual, merchants.

The merchant account providers enable most e-commerce merchants to accept online payments through many other payment channels. In the majority of cases, solutions are secure and easily facilitated. Some of things that can be accomplished are:

• Expedited merchant account set up
• Easy integration to online payment pages
• Competitive fees
• Fast payouts
• Fraud free programs

Fraud Scrubbing

High-risk merchant account providers are ever mindful of the possibility of fraud in online purchases and e-commerce credit card transactions. Many of the credit card payment processors use fraud scrubbing to determine the validity of a transaction.

Fraud scrubbing describes various techniques in use by on-line merchants and e-commerce credit card transaction service companies to diminish transaction fraud risk. Everyday fraud scrubbing techniques involve checking the technical and financial transactions. The high-risk merchant account provider then attempts to quantify any probability that a fraudulent transaction has occurred. They do this by monitoring IP address blacklists, real-time authorization of the credit provider, and questioning or double-checking large or very expensive orders.

Enterprises Using Credit Card Payment Processing

In addition to online merchants of retail goods, some service industries use high-risk merchant accounts to process payments in a venue that is not housed in a brick-and-mortar store. This includes online gaming, escort services, social networks, MP3 providers, online dating, travel, and software. Other users are general merchants who do business online, as well as in brick-and-mortar establishments.

Fraud scrubbing describes various techniques in use by on-line merchants and e-commerce credit card transaction service companies to diminish transaction fraud risk. Everyday fraud scrubbing techniques involve checking the technical and financial transactions. The high-risk merchant account provider then attempts to quantify any probability that a fraudulent transaction has occurred. They do this by monitoring IP address blacklists, real-time authorization of the credit provider, and questioning or double-checking large or very expensive orders

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Play In FIFA Leagues Online

The FIFA series with so many great online options fifa 19 new skills, is arguably the best soccer video game on consoles today. And there are FIFA leagues online for you to join and play in whether you are playing FIFA 09, 10 or 11.

These last three versions of the FIFA series have been excellent, no where more though than with their online features. Adding to the spectacular graphics and physics are online features like being be able to play against anybody in the world, and with a community of millions playing FIFA every week, this can mean quite intense competition.

It does not matter what skill level you are, whether you are a beginner, or someone who dreams of being a professional gamer, there are leagues for players of every skill level. There are live tournaments held in many different countries, including the official interactive world cup. Each year gaming is becoming more of a competitive sport than ever before.

Get some practice in and play a bit before you go and join one of the FIFA leagues around. Learn the basics and compete in a few online games to get the feel of live play. Then when you feel you are ready to take it to the next level, you can begin to look for a competition or league to take part in.

With regard to that, remember to enter at a level that matches up to your skill. You may feel like a superstar when competing against the computer, but live players are very different and you may find yourself playing against teams that you are not ready for too early.

You can join a league and create a team within the game, but there are other ways too. With the in-game method, you can recruit players from other users online and dependent on which FIFA series you are playing, up to eleven live players can be in a team.

But there are downsides to the in-game leagues. They move very slowly as teams have to be online, and many times people enter the leagues but never compete. But if you are one of a bunch of friends who all have the same FIFA game, this can be an ideal way to form a league and take each other on.

The other option is joining 1 of the tournament sites that offer leagues and other FIFA competitions. Many of these put up cash prizes, and the leagues are not shown in FIFA but on the website rather. These are updated after games are played. There is normally a schedule, making things run a lot smoother. If for example a game is not played by a certain date, because a player did not make the game, the other player is awarded the points.

The results are verified and checked, and in most cases these leagues are well moderated. Most offer more than just FIFA too, with tournaments available for a number of other great titles. If you find yourself enjoying the FIFA leagues and the competition, you can look at the other games there are competitions for. These are not normally only sport games either, and many include other genres like the extremely popular First-Person-Shooter games.

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Herb Growing at Its Best

Why do you plan to join other gardeners for the herb growing experience? It is important that you know and understand your reasons for herb gardening, because if you don’t then you won’t become passionate towards your new hobby and you won’t turn out to be successful at it. Believe me – the excitement you’ll feel is amazing once you start planting your first herbs and harvest it. If you want to grow a herb garden to add more pizzazz and flavor to your home cooking, then you are in for a great experience haritaki herb.

The following are some reasons why many garden enthusiasts start growing herbs. These might also ignite your passion to become a herb gardener too.

1. Herb plants are best for medicinal purposes – This is one of the best reasons why many people plant herbs in the backyard. Not only can natural, organic herb gardening help relieve your stress; it can also fatten your wallet! Think about all the scrumptious medicines that would be available to you once you start gardening. Herbs can help cure simple pains as well as prevent some risky ailments such as cancer and other illnesses brought about by living an unhealthy lifestyle. Herbs are great for your health. Many boast of anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties. How good is that? Growing herbs is a great way to ensure that your foods are nutrient rich and not chemically induced.

2. Herb plants are also best for culinary purposes -The best and most expensive recipes in Italy, China and other countries of the world are made up of culinary herbs. In fact, five star and seven star hotels use food preparations using the best culinary herbs available in their countries. So when you have herbs at home, you can make your family feel as if they are dining in a luxurious hotel or restaurant.
As soon as you learn how to garnish your food with herbs, you’ll discover how wonderful your food will taste compared to dishes without it. Zesty and fresh herbs are a must in any kitchen. Cooking with herbs is very much like icing on a cake – it makes any dish complete!

3. Herb plants are easy to find – Herb growing is easy because herbs are simple to find. Herbs are located all over the world and they can grow anywhere. You can even ask some seeds and plants from your neighbors.

4. Space is not a problem – Many people said they cannot plant herbs at home because they don’t have a space or are only living in a condo unit. Well, that reason cannot be accepted because space is never really a problem when you really want to plant your herbs. You can use even a very small space in the backyard, your windowsill or even in pots and containers. In Japan, many Japanese and immigrants are maximizing their roofs to plant herbs and other plants.

5. Herb kits are ready for beginners – Herbs kits can give you step-by-step instructions on how and what to do when herb growing. So all you have to do is follow instructions. There are a lot of herb kits available and they are not costly. All you need to do is to choose the best kit available.

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Article Regarding Roller Shutter

If you’re desirous to have peaceful sleep then you ought to have all the safety measures that will secure your home. You can shelter your residence through the roller shutters which can be an effective way. Alternatively, these shutters will give your outdoor and the inside a lovely look and will protect your belongings from many hazardous incident of theft, murder, break-in and various other cases of robbery. These roller shutters can help you to save lots of energy in simpler manner s-craft.co.uk

The main importance of roller shutters are to save an adequate level of energy, but these days, you can come across many different shutters that are used for lots of various purposes. These roller shutters have facilitated many to solve the issue of security. These shutter forms the hinge which has an interlocking slats which will give you excellent security at your premises.

Shutters blinds are not complicated to use, smooth in operation, simple on the eye and keep your property safe from viable mugging and interruption. Most people nowadays when requested about safety shutters, reminds of ‘Fort England’ with rows of store fronts covered by aged, bizarre and dirty galvanized aluminum roller shutters. The solution is that here in the Australia we have made the error throughout the years of setting up roller shutters designed for commercial use, in to the mistaken applications. Aged roller shutter doors were chain operated and comprises of galvanized metal lathe that needed lubricated to forestall the ‘aluminum on metal’ action of the shutter from wearing away the parts.

Shutters blinds are an admirable investment for lots of reasons. The security that the shutters bring to your premises is the palpable benefit even if the fact that the shutters blinds daunt people from even targeting your premises is often not thought about. Safety shutters can be operated by hand or electrically with remote controls. Manual override handles can be added to allow you to crack the shutters blinds open in case of a power failure. With the press of one button your home can be instantaneously protected.

In addition for the home, Shutters are time and again used for a host of other applications. Often seen on bars and kiosks when closed, shop doors and windows and other commercial properties.

Roller shutter doors offer tremendous advantages in both the industrial as well as domestic premises. These doors help in saving a brilliant amount of energy by providing a natural barrier to the flow of heat. The roller shutter doors can thus help you maintain an appropriate temperature inside your premises without burning a hole in your pockets! Your home will stay comfortable and comfortable all year round with the help of roller shutter doors.

Shutters blinds also proffer many extra competences which improve its value. The shutter doors can also be used as an effectual fire door. It can block the fire within a limited space efficiently.

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Does Christianity Prove The Existence Of Christ?

Does Christianity prove the actual existence of Christ as depicted in Christianity’s holy texts? Does Christ prove the tenants of Christianity? My short answer is “no”. Read on.

There are many, including no doubt 100% of Christians, who note that the very establishment and rise of Christianity in and of itself requires, even must prove beyond a shadow of a doubt that the Biblical, especially the New Testament texts must be true and foundational to the rise and rise and rise of Christianity. However, because humans are, well human and fallible, and because are first and foremost tellers of tall tales (i.e. – humans are hardwired innate storytellers), one of the easiest things for a charismatic human (the usual case) or a group of humans to do is establish the existence of an invisible magic man in the sky or any one of hundreds of variations on the theme of deities and the supernatural. Miracles abound in religions (plural) galore. In principle the establishment and the rise of Christianity is no different than all of the other theologies on offer – past and present.

To repeat, one of the easiest things to do in your lifetime is to establish and start up a brand new religion. Even just in the United States, in the 1880’s you had charismatic individuals like Joseph Smith (Mormonism). More recently L. Ron Hubbard (Scientology), Jim Jones (The People’s Temple), David Koresh (The Branch Davidians) and Marshall Applewhite (Heaven’s Gate). The latter three all suicided along with their flock followers. Then too there was Sun Myung Moon (The Moonies) and (Li Hongzhi) Falun Gong. You had Anton LaVey (Satanism) and Gerald Gardner (Wicca) and Luc Jouret & Joseph di Mambro (the Order of the Solar Temple). And how can we forget the theology behind the Flying Spaghetti Monster! You’ll also get a lot of people claiming “Jedi” as their religion although how seriously they really are is open to question. I’m sure Christians tend to give the thumbs down to these theologies and no doubt the feelings are mutual from the other sides.

But just because a religion becomes established and rises and thrives doesn’t mean the tenants behind the religion are true. Religions can have negative consequences for their True Believers as in the case of Heaven’s Gate, the Branch Davidians and the People’s Temple. One should probably include Scientology in that negative category judging from all of the negative PR Scientology has received by ex-members salmos 91.

As another example of a religion that could parallel Christianity, in say the establishment of miracles and salvation and a return to the Promised Land / Paradise all with the following of a charismatic leader, look no further than the establishment and rise of the Ghost Dance theology among the Native American Indians. The Ghost Dance theology was a concept that Native American Indians could rid their land of the white settlers if they just danced the Ghost Dance. It would be a return to their own Eden; the return of the buffalo; the return to the status quo before 1492.

The Ghost Dance theology was originally established in the late 1860’s and early 1870’s with little impact but was revived in 1888-1889 by the charismatic Paiute Chief Wovoka who had a vision(s) that would restore the pre-white man status quo for the Native American Indians. Wovoka was a Christ-like figure, a shaman, a prophet, even a messiah who some though was the actual second coming of Christ dressed in Native American Indian costume. Wovoka was seen to be the savior that would address the plight of the Native American Indians, endorsed no less than by the legendary Sitting Bull.

Part of the Ghost Dance theology was that their special, sacred ghost shirts / garments would protect them from the White Man’s bullets. Of course the Ghost Dance craze didn’t go over very well with the white folks. Minority uprisings usually don’t. The irresistible force ultimately had to meet the immovable object, and so the Ghost Dance theology all came unstuck in a violent ending when in late December 1890 things came to a head at Wounded Knee Creek. The Native American Indians faced off against the American Army in what’s called the Battle of Wounded Knee. Alas, those sacred indestructible garments worn by the Native Americans didn’t stop those Army bullets and when the shooting stopped roughly 200 Native American Indians – men, women and children – were dead as were roughly 60 Army soldiers / troopers. And that event for all practical purposes was the end to Native American Indians as a viable entity and a force to be reconciled with in U.S. history.

There are of course parallels between the Ghost Dance theology and Christianity. The Ghost Dance participants wanted an immediate reversal of their world order. Think of the Ghost Dance movement as the Native American Indian version of the Book of Revelation which was also a visionary experience. In Revelation it was out with the contemporary (Roman) landscape and in with the New (Jerusalem) order. The Ghost Dance was the Native American equivalent of liberating Israel and restoring her to former glory via the establishment of God’s Kingdom. But instead of the Roman Empire substitute the White Man; instead of Israel substitute the Indian Territories. Further, the Ghost Dance itself (and associated chanting) is akin to all of the rituals and prayers and musical hymns, etc. associated with Christianity, especially Catholicism. The sacred bullet-proof shirts are akin to the Crosses and Bibles and other religious artefacts and icons associated with Christianity and carried around by the faithful.

So, in conclusion, there was indeed an establishment and rise of Christianity. But that doesn’t mean any of the foundations are based on anything other than quicksand. Christianity is just composed of a long strings of claims none of which have any supporting historical and independently verifiable evidence. Christ no more proves Christianity and Christianity no more proves Christ than Allah proves Islam or that Islam proves Allah or that Brahma proves Hinduism or that Hinduism proves the existence of Brahma. Wovoka failed to prove that the Ghost Dance theology did what he said it would do. Unlike Jesus, Allah and Brahma, we of course know that Wovoka was an actual historical figure who really existed, but the Ghost Dance debacle certainly didn’t show Wovoka to be any sort of prophet, far less even a messiah figure.

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Limo Hire – Getting the Party Started

Limo hire used to be limited to the solemn and sophisticated events: weddings, posh parties and balls. From the end of high school ball or prom to arriving at your wedding in style Limo Hire Croydon, it was all about sleek, elegant sophistication. These days, though, limousines are not just the subdued but stylish things they were. Now there is a limo for every occasion, even those that are less posh and more party.

If you are looking for the perfect transportation for a hen night, birthday party or another fun occasion, then with the huge range of limos available for hire, you can find exactly the vehicle to make your night go with a bang.

Hummer limos have the flavour of Las Vegas about them, if you want to have some fun feeling like a high roller. They look the part, dominating whatever road they are driven down, and that is not just on the outside. The inside of every hire limo is outfitted spectacularly. If you are in the party mood, the inside is perfect – a full length bar, mirrored ceilings with bright lights and a sound system, professionally fitted. It’s a party in itself.

Looking for transport for a hen party or girls’ night out? You might find a pink limo more your style. This limousine is exactly what it sounds like: bright pink and impossible to ignore. It is quirky and fun and includes all the luxuries: cocktail bar, sound system and party lighting – neon and, for that dash of magic, twinkling lights as well. A limousine like this shouts fun and sets the atmosphere perfectly as soon as you see it.

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